ArticlesController Object
(
    [articlesCurrentGroup] => ArticlesGroup Object
        (
            [parentId] => 
            [beforeSaveData] => 
            [image_deleted] => 
            [_new:CActiveRecord:private] => 
            [_attributes:CActiveRecord:private] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 1
                    [pkey] => 000
                    [title] => Автомобили
                    [active] => 1
                    [translit] => avtomobili
                    [text] => 

Автомобили

[preview] => Автомобили [url] => avtomobili [title_tag] => [keywords] => среднетоннажные грузовики, тягачи, прицепы, автобусы, самосвалы, цельнометаллические фургоны [description] => Автомобили – структурированный раздел по коммерческому транспорту разбитый на категории: среднетоннажные грузовики, тягачи, прицепы, автобусы, самосвалы, цельнометаллические фургоны. [disable_publication] => 0 ) [_related:CActiveRecord:private] => Array ( ) [_c:CActiveRecord:private] => [_pk:CActiveRecord:private] => 1 [_alias:CActiveRecord:private] => t [_errors:CModel:private] => Array ( ) [_validators:CModel:private] => [_scenario:CModel:private] => update [_e:CComponent:private] => Array ( [onbeforesave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onaftersave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) [1] => Array ( [0] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 2 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onbeforedelete] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeDelete ) [1] => Array ( [0] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeDelete ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 2 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onbeforevalidate] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeValidate ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) [_m:CComponent:private] => Array ( [suffixTree] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [translit] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [RelatedRecordsBehaviour] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) ) [articlesCurrentPage] => ArticlesItem Object ( [beforeSaveData] => [image_deleted] => [picture] => [_new:CActiveRecord:private] => [_attributes:CActiveRecord:private] => Array ( [id] => 1220 [group_id] => 1 [author] => Николай Мордовцев [photograph] => [title] => Не допустить аварий! Совершенствование конструкции автомобиля [old_translit] => ne_dopustit_avarij_sovershenstvovanie_konstrukcii_avtomobilja [date_add] => 1616074249 [date_public] => 1616151600 [date_update] => 1616141321 [active] => 1 [yandex_news] => 0 [text] =>

Повышенное внимание тормозам

Безопасную эксплуатацию транспортного средства гарантирует соответствие определенным правилам при условии выполнения требований технического обслуживания. На один, но очень важный вопрос мы попросили ответить Аркадия Мальцева - начальника отдела полноприводных автомобилей Инженерного центра АЗ "Урал", г. Миасс.

- Какие новые разработки используются в тормозной системе современных автомобилей "Урал"?

- С точки зрения обеспечения безопасности движения, стоит отметить, что даже на самых первых полноприводных грузовиках "Урал‑375" 6х6 уже применялся раздельный привод тормозов на передний мост и заднюю тележку. В гидроприводе были установлены два раздельных главных тормозных цилиндра, каждый со своим пневмоусилителем. В рулевом управлении стоял гидроусилитель руля. Напомним, что это 1961 год, и для того времени раздельный привод тормозов и ГУР - передовые и крайне необходимые конструктивные решения. Нынешнее поколение грузовиков "Урал" также оснащается эффективной тормозной системой и мощным ГУР. Как и все автопроизводители в РФ, в отношении тормозных свойств, автозавод "Урал" выполняет Правила ООН № 13. Требования к тормозам в этих Правилах прописаны очень подробно. Испытания автомобилей на тормозные свойства, включая проверку антиблокировочной системы, в России проводят на автополигоне НИЦИАМТ под городом Дмитров. Мы очень тесно сотрудничаем со специалистами автополигона по всем вопросам, касающихся доводки и совершенствования новых "Уралов".

На автозаводе всегда уделяли повышенное внимание эффективности тормозной системы и путям ее повышения. В 2004 году начат выпуск автомобилей, оснащенных антиблокировочной системой. Со второго полугодия 2014 года на автомобилях семейства "Урал М" и затем "Урал Next" применяется полностью пневматическая тормозная система с клиновыми разжимными механизмами вместо пневмогидравлического привода. Поэтому мы в два раза увеличили количество воздушных ресиверов. Многие компоненты самих тормозов остались прежними: барабаны, колодки, накладки. Это удобно перевозчикам при ремонте и обслуживании. На этих автомобилях мы используем пневмоаппаратуру Wabco. На современных "Уралах" рулевой механизм тоже может быть импортным, с интегральным гидроусилителем немецкой фирмы RBL. Применение механизма автоматической регулировки зазоров между тормозными накладками и барабаном позволило снизить трудоемкость технического обслуживания грузовиков семейств "Урал М" и "Урал Next". Автомобили "Урал" совершенствуются, мы не стоим на месте...

Предыдущие материалы по теме:

Часть I

Часть II

Часть III

Часть IV

Часть V

Часть VI

Часть VII

Часть VIII

[preview] => Тормозная система современного автомобиля играет существенную роль в обеспечении безопасности движения и подчиняется требованиям ряда нормативных документов [tags] => Автомобили,Автобусы,Безопасность,Грузовики,Грузоперевозки,Урал,Урал NEXT,Тормоза,Тормозная система [description] => В отношении тормозных свойств, автозавод "Урал" выполняет Правила ООН № 13. Требования к тормозам в этих Правилах прописаны очень подробно [keywords] => безопасность, дтп, авария, грузовик, дорога, авто дтп, водитель, безопасность движения, обучение, Урал, Урал некст, тормоз, тормозная система [translit] => ne_dopustit_avarij_sovershenstvovanie_konstrukcii_avtomobilja [in_comment] => 1 [count] => 655 [photos] => 0 [videos] => 0 [comments] => 0 [audios] => 0 [user_id] => 14 [addon] => [url] => avtomobili/ne_dopustit_avarij_sovershenstvovanie_konstrukcii_avtomobilja [image] => 1616074249njpf4pb7y9zr.jpg [old_image] => 1616074249njpf4pb7y9zr.jpg [image_path] => /ne_dopustit_avarij_sovershenstvovanie_konstrukcii_avtomobilja/ne_dopustit_avarij_sovershenstvovanie_konstrukcii_avtomobilja.jpg [update_comment] => 1616151600 ) [_related:CActiveRecord:private] => Array ( [rStruct] => ArticlesGroup Object ( [parentId] => [beforeSaveData] => [image_deleted] => [_new:CActiveRecord:private] => [_attributes:CActiveRecord:private] => Array ( [id] => 1 [pkey] => 000 [title] => Автомобили [active] => 1 [translit] => avtomobili [text] =>

Автомобили

[preview] => Автомобили [url] => avtomobili [title_tag] => [keywords] => среднетоннажные грузовики, тягачи, прицепы, автобусы, самосвалы, цельнометаллические фургоны [description] => Автомобили – структурированный раздел по коммерческому транспорту разбитый на категории: среднетоннажные грузовики, тягачи, прицепы, автобусы, самосвалы, цельнометаллические фургоны. [disable_publication] => 0 ) [_related:CActiveRecord:private] => Array ( ) [_c:CActiveRecord:private] => [_pk:CActiveRecord:private] => 1 [_alias:CActiveRecord:private] => t [_errors:CModel:private] => Array ( ) [_validators:CModel:private] => [_scenario:CModel:private] => update [_e:CComponent:private] => Array ( [onbeforesave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onaftersave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) [1] => Array ( [0] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 2 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onbeforedelete] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeDelete ) [1] => Array ( [0] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeDelete ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 2 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onbeforevalidate] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeValidate ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) [_m:CComponent:private] => Array ( [suffixTree] => SuffixBehavior Object ( [fieldId:SuffixBehavior:private] => id [parentNode:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyMoved:SuffixBehavior:private] => [oldKey:SuffixBehavior:private] => [keyId:SuffixBehavior:private] => [fieldKey] => pkey [fieldTranslit] => translit [fieldUrl] => url [fieldParent] => [fieldParentId] => parentId [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [translit] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [RelatedRecordsBehaviour] => RelatedRecordsBehavior Object ( [relation] => images [scenarios] => Array ( [0] => insert [1] => update ) [link] => Array ( [section_id] => 2 ) [enableValidation] => 1 [calculate] => Closure Object ( [this] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [parameter] => Array ( [$data] => ) ) [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesGroup Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) ) [countImages] => 0 ) [_c:CActiveRecord:private] => [_pk:CActiveRecord:private] => 1220 [_alias:CActiveRecord:private] => t [_errors:CModel:private] => Array ( ) [_validators:CModel:private] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => CRequiredValidator Object ( [requiredValue] => [strict] => [trim] => 1 [attributes] => Array ( [0] => title [1] => group_id ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => CStringValidator Object ( [max] => 255 [min] => [is] => [tooShort] => [tooLong] => [allowEmpty] => 1 [encoding] => [attributes] => Array ( [0] => translit [1] => title ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [2] => CNumberValidator Object ( [integerOnly] => 1 [allowEmpty] => 1 [max] => [min] => [tooBig] => [tooSmall] => [integerPattern] => /^\s*[+-]?\d+\s*$/ [numberPattern] => /^\s*[-+]?[0-9]*\.?[0-9]+([eE][-+]?[0-9]+)?\s*$/ [attributes] => Array ( [0] => active [1] => in_comment [2] => yandex_news ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [3] => CSafeValidator Object ( [attributes] => Array ( [0] => group_id [1] => title [2] => date_add [3] => date_public [4] => date_update [5] => text [6] => preview [7] => tags [8] => author [9] => photograph [10] => description [11] => keywords [12] => translit [13] => old_translit [14] => count [15] => user_id [16] => addon [17] => url ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [4] => CDefaultValueValidator Object ( [value] => [setOnEmpty] => 1 [attributes] => Array ( [0] => group_id [1] => title [2] => date_add [3] => date_public [4] => date_update [5] => active [6] => yandex_news [7] => text [8] => preview [9] => tags [10] => author [11] => photograph [12] => description [13] => keywords [14] => old_translit [15] => translit [16] => in_comment [17] => count [18] => user_id [19] => addon [20] => url ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [5] => CSafeValidator Object ( [attributes] => Array ( [0] => group_id [1] => id [2] => title [3] => date_add [4] => date_public [5] => date_update [6] => active [7] => yandex_news [8] => text [9] => preview [10] => tags [11] => author [12] => photograph [13] => description [14] => old_translit [15] => keywords [16] => translit [17] => in_comment [18] => count [19] => user_id [20] => addon [21] => url ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( [search] => search ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [6] => CSafeValidator Object ( [attributes] => Array ( [0] => image_deleted [1] => image [2] => images ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [7] => CStringValidator Object ( [max] => 255 [min] => [is] => [tooShort] => [tooLong] => {attribute} is too long (max {max} chars). [allowEmpty] => 1 [encoding] => [attributes] => Array ( [0] => picture ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( [upload] => upload ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [8] => CFileValidator Object ( [allowEmpty] => [types] => jpg,jpeg,gif,png [mimeTypes] => [minSize] => [maxSize] => 2147483648 [tooLarge] => Size should be less then 2MB !!! [tooSmall] => [wrongType] => [wrongMimeType] => [maxFiles] => 1 [tooMany] => [attributes] => Array ( [0] => picture ) [message] => [skipOnError] => [on] => Array ( [upload] => upload ) [except] => Array ( ) [safe] => 1 [enableClientValidation] => 1 [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 9 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [_scenario:CModel:private] => updateCounter [_e:CComponent:private] => Array ( [onbeforevalidate] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeValidate ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onbeforesave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => TimeBehavior Object ( [createAttribute] => date_add [updateAttribute] => date_update [setUpdateOnCreate] => 1 [updateScenario] => update [createScenario] => insert [timestampExpression] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => beforeSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 1 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [onaftersave] => CList Object ( [_d:CList:private] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [0] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => tags [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) [1] => Array ( [0] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => author [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles/author [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) [2] => Array ( [0] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => photograph [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles/photograph [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [1] => afterSave ) ) [_c:CList:private] => 3 [_r:CList:private] => [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) [_m:CComponent:private] => Array ( [translit] => UrlTranslitBehavior Object ( [attributeText] => title [attributeTranslit] => translit [forceTranslit] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [TimeBehavior] => TimeBehavior Object ( [createAttribute] => date_add [updateAttribute] => date_update [setUpdateOnCreate] => 1 [updateScenario] => update [createScenario] => insert [timestampExpression] => [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [tags] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => tags [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [author] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => author [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles/author [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [photograph] => TagsBehavior Object ( [attribute] => photograph [attributeTitle] => title [classs] => Articles [identity] => articles/photograph [attributePreview] => preview [attributeImage] => image [attributeUrl] => [attributeDateAdd] => date_public [pkId:TagsBehavior:private] => 1220 [model:TagsBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem [_enabled:CBehavior:private] => 1 [_owner:CBehavior:private] => ArticlesItem Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) ) ) [articlesCurrentShow] => page [articlesCurrentOrder] => За все время [pa] => -1 [pluses] => Array ( ) [curr_data] => 0 [cnt_to_ban] => 2 [theme] => race [baseProfile] => [layout] => //layouts/main [menu] => Array ( ) [breadcrumbs] => Array ( [Автомобили] => /article/avtomobili ) [keywords] => безопасность, дтп, авария, грузовик, дорога, авто дтп, водитель, безопасность движения, обучение, Урал, Урал некст, тормоз, тормозная система [description] => В отношении тормозных свойств, автозавод "Урал" выполняет Правила ООН № 13. Требования к тормозам в этих Правилах прописаны очень подробно [pageheader] => [user] => [defaultAction] => index [_id:CController:private] => articles [_action:CController:private] => CInlineAction Object ( [_id:CAction:private] => router [_controller:CAction:private] => ArticlesController Object *RECURSION* [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [_pageTitle:CController:private] => Не допустить аварий! Совершенствование конструкции автомобиля [_cachingStack:CController:private] => [_clips:CController:private] => [_dynamicOutput:CController:private] => [_pageStates:CController:private] => [_module:CController:private] => ArticlesModule Object ( [allowInDepth] => 1 [itemsOnPage] => 5 [editorImage] => articles-image [editorGroupImages] => articles-group-image [title] => Articles [layout] => //layouts/main [enableRoot] => [defaultController] => default [controllerNamespace] => [controllerMap] => Array ( ) [_controllerPath:CWebModule:private] => /opt/reis/application/modules/articles/controllers [_viewPath:CWebModule:private] => [_layoutPath:CWebModule:private] => [preload] => Array ( ) [behaviors] => Array ( ) [_id:CModule:private] => articles [_parentModule:CModule:private] => [_basePath:CModule:private] => /opt/reis/application/modules/articles [_modulePath:CModule:private] => [_params:CModule:private] => [_modules:CModule:private] => Array ( ) [_moduleConfig:CModule:private] => Array ( ) [_components:CModule:private] => Array ( ) [_componentConfig:CModule:private] => Array ( ) [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => ) [_widgetStack:CBaseController:private] => Array ( ) [_e:CComponent:private] => [_m:CComponent:private] => )

Не допустить аварий! Совершенствование конструкции автомобиля

Тормозная система современного автомобиля играет существенную роль в обеспечении безопасности движения и подчиняется требованиям ряда нормативных документов

655 0 19.03.2021
Не допустить аварий! Совершенствование конструкции автомобиля

Повышенное внимание тормозам

Безопасную эксплуатацию транспортного средства гарантирует соответствие определенным правилам при условии выполнения требований технического обслуживания. На один, но очень важный вопрос мы попросили ответить Аркадия Мальцева - начальника отдела полноприводных автомобилей Инженерного центра АЗ "Урал", г. Миасс.

- Какие новые разработки используются в тормозной системе современных автомобилей "Урал"?

- С точки зрения обеспечения безопасности движения, стоит отметить, что даже на самых первых полноприводных грузовиках "Урал‑375" 6х6 уже применялся раздельный привод тормозов на передний мост и заднюю тележку. В гидроприводе были установлены два раздельных главных тормозных цилиндра, каждый со своим пневмоусилителем. В рулевом управлении стоял гидроусилитель руля. Напомним, что это 1961 год, и для того времени раздельный привод тормозов и ГУР - передовые и крайне необходимые конструктивные решения. Нынешнее поколение грузовиков "Урал" также оснащается эффективной тормозной системой и мощным ГУР. Как и все автопроизводители в РФ, в отношении тормозных свойств, автозавод "Урал" выполняет Правила ООН № 13. Требования к тормозам в этих Правилах прописаны очень подробно. Испытания автомобилей на тормозные свойства, включая проверку антиблокировочной системы, в России проводят на автополигоне НИЦИАМТ под городом Дмитров. Мы очень тесно сотрудничаем со специалистами автополигона по всем вопросам, касающихся доводки и совершенствования новых "Уралов".

На автозаводе всегда уделяли повышенное внимание эффективности тормозной системы и путям ее повышения. В 2004 году начат выпуск автомобилей, оснащенных антиблокировочной системой. Со второго полугодия 2014 года на автомобилях семейства "Урал М" и затем "Урал Next" применяется полностью пневматическая тормозная система с клиновыми разжимными механизмами вместо пневмогидравлического привода. Поэтому мы в два раза увеличили количество воздушных ресиверов. Многие компоненты самих тормозов остались прежними: барабаны, колодки, накладки. Это удобно перевозчикам при ремонте и обслуживании. На этих автомобилях мы используем пневмоаппаратуру Wabco. На современных "Уралах" рулевой механизм тоже может быть импортным, с интегральным гидроусилителем немецкой фирмы RBL. Применение механизма автоматической регулировки зазоров между тормозными накладками и барабаном позволило снизить трудоемкость технического обслуживания грузовиков семейств "Урал М" и "Урал Next". Автомобили "Урал" совершенствуются, мы не стоим на месте...

Предыдущие материалы по теме:

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